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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

versão impressa ISSN 1413-8123versão On-line ISSN 1678-4561

Resumo

SILVA, Esther Pereira da; LIMA, Roberto Teixeira de  e  OSORIO, Mônica Maria. Impact of educational strategies in low-risk prenatal care: systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2016, vol.21, n.9, pp.2935-2948. ISSN 1413-8123.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232015219.01602015.

This study aimed to analyze the impact of educational strategies developed in low-risk prenatal care on obstetric outcomes from a systematic literature review. This review consulted databases PubMed, Medline, SciELO and Lilacs, analyzing randomized clinical trials with the following birth outcomes: birth weight, prematurity and breastfeeding, using the following combination of keywords: pre-natal, antenatal visits, education, health education, pregnancy outcomes, birth weight, prematurity, breastfeeding and randomized clinical trial. Nine studies were included following quality evaluation. Actions prove to be more effective when extended to the postpartum period. Most of them occurred during home visits and had a positive impact on breastfeeding and birth weight. The establishment of groups of pregnant women contributed to lower prevalence of prematurity. Breastfeeding was found to be the outcome most sensitive to educational strategies. Educational practices during the prenatal period contributed to favorable obstetric outcomes as they minimized pregnant women concerns and anxiety during the pregnancy process, preparing them for childbirth and postpartum, and should be incorporated into health services’ work process.

Palavras-chave : Prenatal; Randomized controlled trial; Health education.

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