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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

versão impressa ISSN 1413-8123versão On-line ISSN 1678-4561

Resumo

PINTO, Liana Wernersbach; RIBEIRO, Adalgisa Peixoto; BAHIA, Camila Alves  e  FREITAS, Mariana Gonçalves de. Urgent and emergency care for pedestrians injured in Brazilian traffic. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2016, vol.21, n.12, pp.3673-3682. ISSN 1413-8123.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320152112.17722016.

This paper aimed to describe the epidemiological profile of pedestrians injured in traffic accidents treated at urgent and emergency facilities participating in the 2014VIVA Survey and the characterization of these events and consequences for these victims. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the period from September to November 2014 in 24 Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District. We analyzed variables that characterize the victim, the accident and its severity and case outcome. We calculated simple and relative frequencies and performed a bivariate analysis by gender and age group. We used the Rao-Scott test with a 5% significance level in order to verify the independence of variables. Results show that 34.3% of attendances were for individuals aged 20–39 years, 54.2% had brown skin and 35.9% of individuals had up to 4 years of schooling. Run-overs occurred mainly at night (33.6%) and in the afternoon (31.3%). Most cases resulted in discharge in all age groups, but 41.6% of the elderly (60 years and over) required hospitalization. We stress the need for public investment, prioritizing pedestrian circulation in traffic and road infrastructure planning.

Palavras-chave : Accidents; Traffic; External causes; Health surveys; Pedestrians.

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