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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

Print version ISSN 1413-8123On-line version ISSN 1678-4561

Abstract

FRANCA, Ana Paula; MARUCCI, Maria de Fátima Nunes; SILVA, Maria de Lourdes do Nascimento da  and  ROEDIGER, Manuela de Almeida. Factors associated with general obesity and the percentage of body fat of women during the menopause in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2018, vol.23, n.11, pp.3577-3586. ISSN 1413-8123.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320182311.26492016.

To verify the association between obesity and demographic, clinical and lifestyle variables in climacteric women, a cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatient clinics, with 469 women aged 40 to 65 years in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. The dependent variables were: obesity according to body mass index (BMI) and obesity according to percentage of body fat (% BF). The main explanatory variable was: climacteric phase (pre or postmenopausal); and control variables were: age; years of formal study; parity; menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) use; physical activity practice and smoking habit. Multiple regression analysis was performed using the Stata 9.2 software. According to the BMI, obesity was positively associated with parity (RR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.11-2.37) and, negatively, with years of formal study (RP = 0.71, CI 95% = 0.55-0.91) and with physical activity practice (PR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.33-0.61). According to the % BF, obesity was positively associated with parity (PR = 1.60, 95% CI = 1.03-2.49) and negatively with physical activity practice (PR = 0.43; 95% CI = 0.29-0.63). While being active physically was protective, multiparity was a risk factor for developing obesity for women in this study.

Keywords : Obesity; Parity; Physical activity; Climacteric; Menopause.

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