versão impressa ISSN 1413-8271
SEABRA, Alessandra Gotuzo; DIAS, Natália Martins e MONTIEL, José Maria. Factorial study of reading components: speed, comprehension and word recognition. Psico-USF [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.2, pp. 273-283. ISSN 1413-8271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-82712012000200011.
Information Processing Models has identified different process involved in the reading, including word recognition, comprehension and speed, being that the word recognition can occur for three different strategies, the logographic, the alphabetic and ortographic one. In the way to identify such components in the reading, 443 students of the 1st to the 4th grades of the elementary school were evaluated in words recognition, oral/auditory comprehension, reading comprehension, orthographic processing and speed of reading tests. A Factorial Analyses of principal components and oblimin rotation was conducted, deriving four factors. The factor 1 included recognition of familiar words and oral and written linguistic comprehension; the factor 2 understood the logographic and alphabetic strategies of word recognition; the factor 3, the orthographic strategy; and the factor 4 referred to the speed of reading. The finds, near to the expected theoretically, are able to help in the comprehension of the cognitive process involved in the reading of children in the beginning of the elementary education.
Palavras-chave : Reading; Factorial analysis; Cognitive processes.