Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Print version ISSN 1413-8670
SANTOS, Eder de Oliveira; CANELA, João dos Reis; MONCAO, Henry Carlos Gomes and ROQUE, Mauro José Guedes. Reactivation of Chagas' disease leading to the diagnosis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2002, vol.6, n.6, pp. 317-321. ISSN 1413-8670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702002000600009.
Reactivation of chronic Chagas' disease is a rare condition and occurs only in immunosuppressed patients. We report a case of a patient with a rapid and fatal reactivation of Chagas' disease, manifested by meningoencephalitis, which lead to a diagnosis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). We believe there is sufficient evidence to include the reactivation of Chagas' disease among the diagnostic criteria of AIDS in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection.
Keywords : Chagas' disease; Trypanosoma cruzi; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; human immunodeficiency virus; meningoencephalitis.