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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
On-line version ISSN 1678-4391
RAO, R. Sambasiva; GUPTA, Naveen; BHALLA, P. and AGARWAL, S.K.. Leptospirosis in India and the rest of the world. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2003, vol.7, n.3, pp. 178-193. ISSN 1678-4391. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702003000300003.
Leptospirosis is an acute anthropo-zoonotic infection of worldwide significance caused by spirochaete Leptospira interrogans which has 23 serogroups and >200 serovars. Various factors influencing the animal activity, suitability of the environment for the survival of the organism and behavorial and occupational habits of human beings can be the determinants of incidence and prevalence of the disease. The disease was considered inconsequential till recently, but it is emerging as an important public health problem during the last decade or so due to sudden upsurge in the number of reported cases and outbreaks. Since isolation rate of the microorganism from clinical specimens is low due to prior indiscriminate use of antibiotics, serological techniques remain the cornerstone of diagnosis.
Keywords : India; leptospirosis; world.