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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
On-line version ISSN 1678-4391
KUPEK, Emil. Transfusion risk for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, 1991-2001. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2004, vol.8, n.3, pp. 236-240. ISSN 1678-4391. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702004000300007.
We examined the time trend of residual risk of transfusing blood contaminated with HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C, in the largest blood bank of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, 1991-2001. The HIV risk was reduced approximately 10 times during the decade of 1990, to 1:48777, but then increased significantly by the end of 2001. A similar time trend was observed for hepatitis B and hepatitis C, although the increase was not significant in this case. Even during the period of lowest risk, the estimates were considerably higher than in developed countries.
Keywords : Blood transfusion; HIV; hepatitis B; hepatitis C.