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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

Print version ISSN 1413-8670On-line version ISSN 1678-4391

Abstract

MIMICA, M.J. et al. Detection of methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from pediatric patients: is the cefoxitin disk diffusion test accurate enough?. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2007, vol.11, n.4, pp.415-417. ISSN 1413-8670.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702007000400009.

We evaluated the performance of several methods for the detection of methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus using 101 clinical S. aureus isolates from pediatric patients in a tertiary hospital in Brazil; 50 isolates were mecA-positive and 51 were mecA-negative. The Etest and oxacillin agar screening plates were 100% sensitive and specific for mecA presence. Oxacillin and cefoxitin disks gave sensitivities of 96 and 92%, respectively, and 98% specificity. Alterations of CLSI cefoxitin breakpoints increased sensitivity to 98%, without decreasing specificity. Our results highlight the importance of a continuing evaluation of the recommended microbiological methods by different laboratories and in different settings. If necessary, laboratories should use a second test before reporting a strain as susceptible, especially when testing strains isolated from invasive or serious infections. With the new (2007) CLSI breakpoints, the cefoxitin-disk test appears to be a good option for the detection of methicillin resistance in S. aureus.

Keywords : MRSA; disc diffusion; cefoxitin; mecA.

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