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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

Print version ISSN 1413-8670On-line version ISSN 1678-4391

Abstract

DIAZ PEREZ, Julio Alexander; GARCIA, Jorge  and  RODRIGUEZ VILLAMIZAR, Laura Andrea. Sepsis by Chromobacterium violaceum: first case report from Colombia. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2007, vol.11, n.4, pp.441-442. ISSN 1413-8670.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702007000400016.

Chromobacterium violaceum is found in tropical and subtropical regions; it is the only Chromobacterium species pathogenic for humans. Due to its rare presentation, physicians often ignore the importance of this pathogen. We report a fulminant fatal case of bacteremia in a 38-year-old Colombian man. The clinical manifestations were fever, thoracic pain, respiratory failure and death. His condition, from the beginning of clinical diagnosis, went into continuous deterioration, till his death, within a few days after the symptoms began. Two hemocultures isolated C. violaceum. We conclude that doctors should consider this differential diagnosis in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome, with continuous deterioration.

Keywords : Chromobacterium violaceum; bacteremia.

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