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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

Print version ISSN 1413-8670On-line version ISSN 1678-4391

Abstract

ALMEIDA, Sérgio Monteiro de; NOGUEIRA, Meri Bordignon; RABONI, Sonia Mara  and  VIDAL, Luine Rosele. Laboratorial diagnosis of lymphocytic meningitis. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2007, vol.11, n.5, pp.489-495. ISSN 1413-8670.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702007000500010.

Meningitis is the main infectious central nervous system (CNS) syndrome. Viruses or bacteria can cause acute meningitis of infectious etiology. The term "Aseptic Meningitis" denotes a clinical syndrome with a predominance of lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), with no common bacterial agents identified in the CSF. Viral meningitis is considered the main cause of lymphocyte meningitis. There are other etiologies of an infectious nature. CSF examination is essential to establish the diagnosis and to identify the etiological agent of lymphocytic meningitis. We examined CSF characteristics and the differential diagnosis of the main types of meningitis.

Keywords : Cerebrospinal fluid; lymphocytic meningitis; viral meningitis; meningitis.

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