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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases

Print version ISSN 1413-8670On-line version ISSN 1678-4391


LOPES, Roberto Iglesias; LEITE, Kátia Ramos; PRANDO, Décio  and  LOPES, Roberto Nicomedes. Testicular schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni: a case report from Brazil. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2007, vol.11, n.5, pp.523-524. ISSN 1413-8670.

Testicular schistosomiasis by Schistosoma mansoni is exceedingly rare, with only 11 cases reported in PubMed. We report a new case from Brazil. A 31-year-old man from the northeast region of the country presented with a 2 cm nodule in the right testis. Ultrasonography showed a well-delimited hypoechoic tumor, suggestive of a granulomatous lesion. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an irregular tunica albuginea signal. A biopsy showed interstitial tissue with schistosome ova and granuloma formation. The nodule was excised, and the patient was treated with oxamniquine. He has remained symptom free for 10 years. A testicular nodule should raise suspicion of numerous pathologies, including schistosomiasis. Treatment should include therapy with oxamniquine or praziquantel, and nodule excision should be done whenever possible.

Keywords : Testis; schistosomiasis; orchiectomy.

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