Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
versión On-line ISSN 1678-4391
MATAS, Carla Gentile; IORIO, Maria Cecília Martinelli y SUCCI, Regina Célia de M.. Auditory disorders and acquisition of the ability to localize sound in children born to HIV-positive mothers. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2008, vol.12, n.1, pp. 10-14. ISSN 1678-4391. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702008000100004.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate children born to HIV-infected mothers and to determine whether such children present auditory disorders or poor acquisition of the ability to localize sound. The population studied included 143 children (82 males and 61 females), ranging in age from one month to 30 months. The children were divided into three groups according to the classification system devised in 1994 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: infected; seroreverted; and exposed. The children were then submitted to audiological evaluation, including behavioral audiometry, visual reinforcement audiometry and measurement of acoustic immittance. Statistical analysis showed that the incidence of auditory disorders was significantly higher in the infected group. In the seroreverted and exposed groups, there was a marked absence of auditory disorders. In the infected group as a whole, the findings were suggestive of central auditory disorders. Evolution of the ability to localize sound was found to be poorer among the children in the infected group than among those in the seroreverted and exposed groups.
Palabras clave : Audiological evaluation; HIV-positive mothers; children.