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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Print version ISSN 1413-8670
CARNEIRO, Rodrigo da Costa et al. Juvenile paracoccidioidomycosis in urban area: report of two cases. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.1, pp. 77-80. ISSN 1413-8670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702010000100015.
We present two cases of juvenile form of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a systemic mycosis frequently found in rural areas, whose prognosis is poor in children and young adults. They are a 14-year-old boy and a 25-year-old woman, both residents in an urban area in São Paulo - Brazil, without any history of travelling to an endemic area. They have been admitted to the hospital due to fever, weight loss and lymphadenopathy. The diagnosis was confirmed by serologic and histopathologic study. Patients have recovered after therapy with oral itraconazole and were discharged from hospital, maintaining outpatient visits. In this article, the authors discuss the unusual presentation of PCM in an urban area.
Keywords : juvenile paracoccidioidomycosis; lymphadenopathy; Paracoccidioides brasiliensis; urban area.