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Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Print version ISSN 1413-8670
BOSNIC, Dubravka et al. Rare zoonosis (hemotrophic mycoplasma infection) in a newly diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus patient followed by a Nocardia asteroides pneumonia. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.1, pp. 92-95. ISSN 1413-8670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702010000100019.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is per se a disease characterized by suppressed immune response and thus susceptibility to various opportunistic infections. We describe the case of a 21-yearold woman who developed a rare zoonosis - hemotrophic mycoplasma infection in the initial stage of SLE, complicated with Nocardia asteroides pneumonia afterwards. Nocardia infection coincided with initiation of glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide therapy for SLE. After the treatment she recovered completely. To our knowledge the only case of human hemoplasmosis (then referred to as eperythrozoonosis) in medical literature was the one described by a group of Croatian authors 22 years ago. No cases of a hemotrophic mycoplasma infection in a SLE patient have been published up to now.
Keywords : SLE; zoonosis; hemotrophic mycoplasma (hemoplasma); eperythrozoon; Nocardia asteroides.