Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Print version ISSN 1413-8670
ALVAREZ, Carlos; LABARCA, Jaime and SALLES, Mauro. Prevention strategies for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Latin America. Braz J Infect Dis [online]. 2010, vol.14, suppl.2, pp. 107-108. ISSN 1413-8670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702010000800006.
After the first reports of the emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the 1970s, numerous measures intended to prevent its transmission were initiated in hospitals. However, in most cases, large-scale measures failed to be implemented and the transmission of MRSA has since led to a global pandemic. Presently, doubts still remain about the best approach to prevent and control MRSA and more often than not, control measures are not implemented. Therefore, we review here the current situation in Latin America with respect to existing policies for control of MRSA, and evaluate the evidence for control measures in hospitals and the community. We look at the risk factors for infection and transmission of MRSA between hospital patients and within specific populations in the community, and at the effect of antibiotic usage on the spread of MRSA in these settings. Finally, we summarize recommendations for the prevention and control of MRSA, which can be applied to the Latin American hospital environment and community setting
Keywords : MRSA; prevention; infection control; Latin America.