Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science
On-line version ISSN 1678-4456
BARUSELLI, Pietro Sampaio et al. Evaluation of synchronization of ovulation for fixed timed insemination in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. [online]. 2003, vol.40, n.6, pp. 431-442. ISSN 1678-4456. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-95962003000600007.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of synchronization ovulation protocol (GnRH/PGF2a/GnRH) for fixed timed insemination in buffalo. In Experiment 1, thirty-three female buffaloes with 60 days postpartum, were divided in two groups for evaluation of the follicular dynamics (Group 1, n = 16, 10mg of GnRH/15mg of PGF2a/10mg of GnRH; Group 2, n = 17, 20mg of GnRH/15mg of PGF2a/10mg of GnRH). Ultrasonography exams were performed every 12 hours to verify the ovarian response to the first GnRH injection. Another evaluations were performed on PGF2a injection and second GnRH injection. After last hormonal injection, ultrasonography exams were performed every 6 hours to verify the moment of the ovulation. Blood samples were collected on Days 0, 7 and 9 to evaluate the progesterone concentrations at the moment of the hormonal injections. In Experiment 2, the efficiency of the synchronization of ovulation was verified for fixed timed insemination (16 hours after second GnRH injection, n=1053), during the favorable and unfavorable reproductive season, in the years of 1998 and 1999. Animals received 20mg of GnRH/15mg of PGF2a/10mg of GnRH. Besides, also recorded and evaluated aspects like body condition score, parity, postpartum period, year and the reproductive season (favorable or unfavorable season), on the conception rate. In Experiment 1, it was verified that 33.0 ± 8.3h after the first GnRH injection, 60.60% of the animals ovulated (Group 1 = 70.5 vs. Group 2 = 50.00%; P>0.05). The dose of GnRH (10mg vs. 20mg) and the progesterone concentration did not interfere in ovulation in the beginning of the treatment (P>0.05). Animals that ovulated (n = 20) after the first GnRH injection presented larger follicular diameter (P <0.01) that those that no ovulated (n=13). In PGF2a injection, the follicular diameter was 10.3 ± 2.0mm. The Group 1 presented larger follicular diameter than the Group 2 (P <0.01). Animals that ovulated after the first GnRH injection (n=20) presented higher progesterone concentrations in the day of PGF2a injection (P <0.05). It was observed that 78,80% female buffaloes treated presented synchronized ovulation and, the first dose of GnRH did not interfere in the efficiency of the protocol (P>0.05). In Experiment 2, it was observed conception rate of 45.40% (n = 1053). Animals synchronized during the favorable reproductive season presented better conception rate than the unfavorable season (48.80% vs. 6.90%; P <0.05). The conception rate was influenced by body condition score of the animals and parity during the favorable reproductive season (P <0.05). The conception rates did not differ according to the year (1998 and 1999) of artificial inseminations and the postpartum period in the beginning of the treatment (P>0.05). In summary, the Experiments indicated that the use of synchronization of the ovulation for fixed timed insemination, during the favorable reproductive season, presents satisfactory results in buffalo and could still be better when used multiparous buffaloes with good body conditon score in the beginning of the treatment.
Keywords : Synchronization of ovulation; GnRH; Buffalo; Ovsynch.