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Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação

Print version ISSN 1414-3283On-line version ISSN 1807-5762


NOGUEIRA, Roberto Passos. Ivan Illich's second social critique of Health. Interface (Botucatu) [online]. 2003, vol.7, n.12, pp.185-190. ISSN 1414-3283.

In The Nemesis of Medicine, Ivan Illich displayed the essential elements of his first critique of health, stating that the widespread industrialization of healthcare and the medicalization of life in modern society create several forms of iatrogenesis or damage to health, as a result of people losing the capacity to behave autonomously vis à vis disease, pain and aging. In the second social critique of health, Illich deals with the manifestation of a new social iatrogenesis resulting from a sort of obsession with bodily health and its production through physical activities, diets, etc. in a condition of apparent autonomy. This is "healthy body" consumerism, which responds less to the actions of physicians and more to information publicized by the media and by unofficial therapeutical agents.

Keywords : History; Public Health; Ethics.

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