SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.14 issue35The aged body: perception and experience of elderly womenThe use of weblogs and orkut communities as pedagogical tools in courses in the health area author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação

On-line version ISSN 1807-5762


BRZOZOWSKI, Fabíola Stolf; BRZOZOWSKI, Jerzy André  and  CAPONI, Sandra. Interactive classifications: the case of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children. Interface (Botucatu) [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.35, pp.891-904.  Epub Sep 08, 2010. ISSN 1807-5762.

The philosopher of science Ian Hacking writes that our world is one of classifications, and these classifications, or names, have a particular effect when they refer to the behavior of people. This article seeks to present what Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is and how it appeared in children. Then, it discusses the conversion of undesirable behaviors into symptoms which underlies the identification of ADHD as a disease. From these considerations, a more general model about the interaction between classifications and classified people is proposed, based on Hacking's distinction between indifferent and interactive kinds, and also on the concept of looping effect proposed by that author. Finally, the model is applied to ADHD, and some considerations are made regarding the concept of social control put forth by Peter Conrad.

Keywords : ADHD; Looping effect; Classifying people; Childhood medicalization.

        · abstract in Portuguese | Spanish     · text in Portuguese     · English ( pdf epdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License