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Cadernos Saúde Coletiva

Print version ISSN 1414-462X

Abstract

RAFAEL, Ricardo de Mattos Russo  and  MOURA, Anna Tereza Miranda Soares de. Exposure to risk factors of cervical cancer in the Family Health Strategy in Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Cad. saúde colet. [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.4, pp.499-505. ISSN 1414-462X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-462X2012000400014.

Cervical cancer is a relevant public health problem in Brazil and in the world. Among the scenarios of health care, the Family Health Strategy seems to be a remarkable locus for its control. The aim of the study was to analyze the profile of clients and of cervical cancer screening usage on the Family Health Strategy of the municipality of Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It's a cross-sectional study based on household survey with a sample of 281 women aged between 20 and 59 years. It was observed that 95.37% of the respondents (95%CI 92.90-97.84) reported having done the exam once in their lives. Only 33.80% (95%CI 28.24-39.37) of them were not given an examination last year. It was observed that 79.71% (95%CI 74.98-84.44) of the women perform as a routine search for the cancer. It was found that the Family Health Strategy has been surpassing expectations and following the recommendations on the quantitative screening of cervical cancer. However, the risk factors profile and the interval between examinations emphasize the need for reflection on possible gaps in the organization and quality of prevention methods and early detection of the disease.

Keywords : uterine cervical neoplasms; vaginal smears; family health.

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