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Cadernos Saúde Coletiva

versão impressa ISSN 1414-462Xversão On-line ISSN 2358-291X

Resumo

MELO, Anna Cássia Fernandes et al. Prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal diseases by demographic and health variables: cross-sectional study of elderly of Goiânia/GO. Cad. saúde colet. [online]. 2017, vol.25, n.2, pp.138-143. ISSN 1414-462X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1414-462x201700010274.

Objective

Estimate the prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal disorders in elderlies according to demographic variables, pain, self-assessment of health and falls.

Methods

Cross-sectional and population-based study with a probabilistic sample of 934 seniors living in Goiania, GO. It was applied a standardized and semi-structured questionnaire. The outcome variable was self-reported musculoskeletal disorders by elderly and exposure were demographic, self-assessment health, falls, pain and physical activity. For analysis, we used the Chi-square test or Fisher and Poisson regression (value of p<0.05).

Results

We evaluated 934 elderly, 62.2% were women, average of 71.4 years (±8.3). The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was 39.1% (95% CI -42.3 35.9), being the most frequent: osteoporosis (24.6%), arthritis (2.9%), rheumatism (1.2%) and arthritis (0.6%). The prevalence was higher in women (44.7%; p=0.000); age ≥ 80 years (44.7%; p=0.002); self-assessment of bad health (55.9%; p=0.000); report of pain (43.4%; p=0.001). There was no association between musculoskeletal disorders and falls (p=0.671) and sedentary (p=0.167).

Conclusion

We observed a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the elderly with high age group which suggests interventions in the control of the general health conditions and pain.

Palavras-chave : musculoskeletal diseases; aged; cross-sectional studies.

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