Print version ISSN 1414-4980
SANTOS NETO, Artur Bispo dos. The historic-ontological Constitution of ethics and human rights. Rev. katálysis [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.2, pp. 172-181. ISSN 1414-4980. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-49802011000200004.
Proceeding in consonance with reflections conducted by G. Lukács and Karl Marx, this text places itself on the horizon of perspectives opened by the materialist concept of history. Based on the understanding that there is a nodal distinction between ethnicity and law, it first sought to illustrate the genesis and development of ethics in the context of class societies, as well as their limits and possibilities for the process of the constitution of the individual completely articulated with universality. It then looks at the relationship between law and the economic complex, highlighting the peculiarity of its relative autonomy in relation to the other complexes involved in the social totality. It finally highlights how the establishment of ontological bases of the system of ethics and law, from a Marxian perspective, allows a sharp criticism of the axiological expressions of human rights and of the reformist vacuities of the system of Hegelian ethics, which has the State as its highest form of realization.
Keywords : Work; Marxism; Hegelian philosophy; State; Human emancipation.