Ambiente & Sociedade
On-line version ISSN 1809-4422
BEGOSSI, Alpina. Caiçaras, caboclos and natural resources: rules and scale patterns. Ambient. soc. [online]. 1999, n.5, pp. 55-67. ISSN 1809-4422. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-753X1999000200005.
One important question concerning the sustainability of local or native populations refers to their interaction with local and global institutions. We should expect that populations with capacity to interact economically and politically with institutions, might show a better chance for their ecological and cultural continuity, as well as for their system of trade and subsistence. The level of ecological and social interaction of local populations, following concepts from ecology, occurs on different scales: for example, from the territories of individual fishermen on the Atlantic Forest coast to organizations of community Extractive Reserves in the Amazon. The scale of organization (individual/family/community) may influence the capacity to deal with institutions. This study analyses how Brazilian native populations, especially caiçaras of the Atlantic Forest coast, and caboclos from the Amazon, have interacted with regional, national and global institutions, concerning environmental demands. Concepts such as common management, natural capital, resilience and sustainability are useful to understand these illustrative cases.
Keywords : local population; natural capital; sustainability.