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Ambiente & Sociedade

Print version ISSN 1414-753XOn-line version ISSN 1809-4422

Abstract

BRITO, MICHELE FERNANDA MARQUES DE; MARIN, EDNA ARÉVALO  and  CRUZ, DENISE DIAS DA. MEDICINAL PLANTS IN RURAL SETTLEMENTS OF A PROTECTED AREA IN THE LITTORAL OF NORTHEAST BRAZIL. Ambient. soc. [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.1, pp.83-104. ISSN 1414-753X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-4422asoc20150034r2v2012017.

The goal of the present study was to conduct an ethnobotanical survey on the knowledge and the use of medicinal plants by five rural communities located within ​​the Tambaba Environmental Protection Area, State of Paraiba. Data were collected by semi structured interviewing 58 key-informants aged 28 and 83 years. A total of 71 medicinal species, from 47 families, was identified and Leguminosae being the most cited. The leaves were the most used parts and the tea was the most common mode of use. Use Value index reveals the group of nine species mostly used by the communities. The Informant Consensus Factor indicated respiratory system disorders as the most commonly treated. The ANOSIM-one way permutation test revealed that the communities are very similar when compared in relation to the species and their therapeutic uses. These communities used medicinal plants as an efficient and immediate alternative to treat various everyday diseases.

Keywords : Ethnobotany; Atlantic forest; Conservation Unit; Traditional knowledge; Rural community.

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