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Ambiente & Sociedade

Print version ISSN 1414-753XOn-line version ISSN 1809-4422

Abstract

BELLEZE, GABRIELA; BERNARDES, MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO; PIMENTA, CARLOS ALBERTO MÁXIMO  and  NUNES JUNIOR, PAULO CEZAR. BRAZILIAN ECOVILLAGES AND IBGE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. Ambient. soc. [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.1, pp.223-238. ISSN 1414-753X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-4422asoc20150164r2v2012017.

Ecovillages have been highlighted among the initiatives that promote sustainable development in the contemporary world. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the economic, social, environmental, and institutional contexts, in relation to society in general. This study compared, quali-quantitatively, 11 IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs) in the country with the respective data for the participating ecovillages. Of these indicators, five were related to the environmental dimension; four others to the social dimension; and two to the economic dimension. Questionnaires were used with 52 ecovillages, with open and closed questions, resulting in 32 responses with different degrees of detail. The results suggest that ecovillages outperform those described by IBGE, for the population as a whole, in all indicators that were analyzed. However, there are still challenges to be overcome, such as the difficulty of these groups in dealing with social and economic aspects.

Keywords : intentional communities; alternative communities; IDS-IBGE.

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