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Ambiente & Sociedade

Print version ISSN 1414-753XOn-line version ISSN 1809-4422

Abstract

DUARTE, CARLA GRIGOLETTO; DIBO, ANA PAULA ALVES  and  SANCHEZ, LUIS ENRIQUE. WHAT DOES THE ACADEMIC RESEARCH SAY ABOUT IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL LICENSING IN BRAZIL?. Ambient. soc. [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.1, pp.261-292. ISSN 1414-753X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-4422asoc20150268r1v2012017.

Scholarly papers on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Brazil were reviewed aiming at surveying the state of research in this field. Searches in three databases identified 131 papers published between 1985 and 2015. They were classified under: case analysis (45%); analysis of the EIA system (32%), discussion about methods (15%) and evaluation of quality of EIA documents (8%). It was found that those papers: (i) deal with highly complex cases; (ii) identify several weaknesses in the EIA system, but also some achievements and improvements; (iii) address a number of weaknesses identified in other studies; and (iv) show recurrent deficiencies, as well as temporal evolution in the quality of EIA documents. Some topics often pointed as weaknesses in the national debate and the international literature were not addressed in this set of papers. This research field is at an early development stage in Brazil, but features a growing number of publications.

Keywords : Environmental impact assessment; Environmental licensing; Scientific research; Systematic review.

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