Escola Anna Nery
Print version ISSN 1414-8145
SANTOS, Quintila Garcia; AZEVEDO, Dulcian Medeiros de; COSTA, Roberta Kaliny de Sousa and MEDEIROS, Flávio Pereira de. The crisis of paradigms in science and the new perspectives in nursing. Esc. Anna Nery [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.4, pp.833-837. ISSN 1414-8145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-81452011000400024.
The paradigm is understood as a pattern to be followed, and includes the set of beliefs, values, techniques and shared theories and is influenced by cultural, political, economic and social laws. The objective was to conduct an analysis about the paradigmatic crisis of scientific knowledge and its implications in nursing, providing an overview of the development of a research in this area. The need for new guiding principles of scientific practice is urgently needed, which are emerging in ethics, environmental sustainability, interdisciplinary, appreciation of complexity, and respect for subjectivity. For nursing to become stronger as a science, profession and social practice is essential to use the tools available in promoting socio-political actions that point to a higher quality of life of society. The work process in health and its paradigms require from the nurse clarity of its limited scope, intervention, and ability to build new knowledge, promoting innovation in the health production.
Keywords : Nursing; Nursing Research; Philosophy; Nursing.