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Psicologia: Ciência e Profissão

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SEKKEL, Marie Claire; ZANELATTO, Raquel  and  BRANDAO, Suely de Barros. A question for inclusive education: be exposed or protect oneself?. Psicol. cienc. prof. [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.2, pp.296-307. ISSN 1414-9893.

This article debates the relationship among the institutional actors who take part in the proposal of an inclusive education, using data collected in a survey about the construction of inclusive environments carried out in a municipal school for elementary school in São Paulo, from 2006 to 2008. The data were organized around the question exposing or protecting oneself?, which stresses the movements present in such institutional relationships. Ethnography was the data collecting method followed, and the analysis was based on the critical theory of society. The results point out both the presence of the feeling of threat, which leads to the need of protecting oneself, and situations of openness to the experience in the work developed with the children, which presupposes the need to expose oneself to oneself and to others. According to the authors of the Frankfurt School the cause of this threat is social, and the fear must become conscious in order that its destructive effects for both the individual and social relationships can be avoided. The availability to experience, on the other hand, is necessary for the production of a true consciousness, which is the main objective of education according to Theodor Adorno, and can be considered a fundamental element for the inclusive educational processes.

Keywords : Inclusive education; Scholar inclusion; Deficiency; Elementery school.

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