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Psicologia: Ciência e Profissão

Print version ISSN 1414-9893On-line version ISSN 1982-3703

Abstract

MELO, Lúcia Petrucci de  and  CARLOTTO, Mary Sandra. Prevalence and Predictors of Burnout among Firefighters. Psicol. cienc. prof. [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.3, pp.668-681. ISSN 1982-3703.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-3703001572014.

Burnout is a psychosocial phenomenon that occurs as a response to chronic job stress and reflects a major challenge for the working life in the twenty-first century. By coming into contact with traumatic events, emergency professionals are more susceptible to compromise their physical and emotional well-being. Burnout presents itself as one of the possible consequences generated by this activity. The present study aimed to identify the prevalence of Burnout among firefighters as well as to verify the existence of an association among Burnout, sociodemographic and labor variables, and coping strategies. A probabilistic sample, consisted of 132 participants, was investigated using the Socio-demographic-labor Questionnaire, the Spanish Burnout Inventory (SBI) and the Coping at Work Scale (COPE). The results identified a prevalence of 3% of the professionals in the Burnout Profile 1, and 2.3% in the Burnout Profile 2. Multiple linear hierarchical regression analyses (stepwise method) showed that coping strategies seem to be predictors of Burnout among firefighters. This study contributes to deepen the implications of Burnout among firefighters, and to underscore the relevance of intervention studies aimed to create development coping strategies as a means of promoting occupational health among these professionals.

Keywords : Burnout; Coping; Firefighters; Work.

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