Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental
versão On-line ISSN 1807-1929
BRAGA, Carlos A. da S. et al. Automatic solar heating system for control of pathogens in irrigation water. Rev. bras. eng. agríc. ambient. [online]. 2001, vol.5, n.2, pp. 327-331. ISSN 1807-1929. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-43662001000200025.
In the system proposed, which uses flat collectors, both natural and forced convection are responsible for the transfer of heat to the circulating water. The automation of the system is performed by thermostats, placed in different places, electrically connected to other components like valves and a water pump. Under identical test conditions and in the range of temperatures considered (50, 55 and 60 ºC), which includes the reference lethal temperature range for pathogens, the thermal efficiencies attained were 63, 55 and 52%, which compare favorably with those obtained in conventional systems, these being 50, 47 and 42% respectively, as reported. The results of the experimental trials show that the system described is a viable option to eliminate pathogens present in irrigation water, while its low cost makes it attractive for use in nurseries, greenhouses and on small farms.
Palavras-chave : solar heating; solar collectors; water disinfestation.