Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental
versión On-line ISSN 1807-1929
GUISELINI, Cristiane; SENTELHAS, Paulo C.; PANDORFI, Héliton y HOLCMAN, Ester. Greenhouse cover management: solar radiation effects on production and quality of a gerbera crop. Rev. bras. eng. agríc. ambient. [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.6, pp. 645-652. ISSN 1807-1929. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-43662010000600011.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of low density polyethylene (PEBD) as a greenhouse cover in association with thermal shading screen installed in two different positions (outside and inside), cultivated with gerbera, on solar radiation (Qg), as well as on the growth and quality of gerbera plants. The experiment was carried out during two crop cycles in 2004, at ESALQ/USP, in Piracicaba, State of São Paulo, Brasil. A greenhouse was sub-divided into two parts and covered with PEBD differing from each other by the position of the thermal shading screen (50%), witch was installed inside (at 3 m height) and outside (covering the plastic cover). The environment with the thermal screen outside was named A1 and the other one with the thermal screen inside was named A2. The results from the two crop cycles showed that the microclimate was changed by the covers of the greenhouses. Qg inside for A1 and A2 were respectively 33.6 and 21.7 (first cycle), and 27.2 and 17.9% (second cycle) of the values measured outside. Considering the two crop cycles, the results showed that there were no differences in plant quality in both environments. However, A1 was the most favorable environment for plant quality when considering the two crop cycles, separately the results separately. Also, only gerberas from A1 showed themselves to have marketable characteristics.
Palabras llave : thermal shading screen; plasticulture; Gerbera jamesonii.