Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental
Print version ISSN 1415-4366
PRATES, Venina; SOUZA, Luiz C. de P. and OLIVEIRA JUNIOR, Jairo C. de. Indices representing landscape as a support for pedological survey in GIS environment. Rev. bras. eng. agríc. ambient. [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.4, pp.408-414. ISSN 1415-4366. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-43662012000400011.
Mapping of soil has been highlighted in the scientific community, because as alertness about the environment increases, it is necessary to understand more and more about the distribution of the soil in the landscape, as well as its potential and its limitations for the use. In that way the main aim of this study was to apply indices representing landscape with the use of geoprocessing to give support in the delimitation of different compartments of landscape. Primary indices used were altitude above channel network (AACN) and secondary channel network base level (CNBL), multiresolution index of valley bottom flatness (MRVBF) and Wetness index (ITW), having as object of study the Canguiri Experimental Farm, located in Pinhais, Curitiba's Metropolitan region. To correlate the chemical attributes and granulometric ones in sampling groups, totalizing 17 points (Sugamosto, 2002), a matrix of a simple linear correlation (Pearson) with the indices of the landscape were generated in the Software Statistica. The conclusion is that the indices representing the landscape used in the analysis of groupings were efficient as support to map soil at the level of suborder of Brazilian Soil Classification System.
Keywords : Soil numerical modellling; representation indices of the landscape; analysis of groupings.