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Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental

versão impressa ISSN 1415-4366

Resumo

RODRIGUES, Luiz C. de A. et al. Phytotoxicity and cytogenotoxicity of water and sediment of urban stream in bioassay with Lactuca sativa. Rev. bras. eng. agríc. ambient. [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.10, pp.1099-1108. ISSN 1415-4366.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-43662013001000012.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the spatial and temporal influence of the phytotoxicity and cytogenotoxicity of water and sediment of urban stream on the germination and initial growth of Lactuca sativa. Samples were collected from water and sediment at five sites of the Pântano Stream (Alfenas, Minas Gerais) during the period from October 2010 to July 2011. The concentrations of the metals Cd, Pb and Zn were quantified. Moreover, phytotoxicity and cytogenotoxicity were tested with samples of water and aqueous extracts of sediments. The evaluated end points were the germination rate, root length, fresh and dry weight, mitotic index and frequency of chromosomal abnormalities. Higher levels of Cd and Pb were verified in water samples collected during the rainy months. Water and sediment showed phytotoxic effect on germination, fresh weight and dry weight of Lactuca sativa. Root length was stimulated and only samples of water reduced the mitotic index. Significant temporal variation related to rainfall was observed only for phytotoxicity tests.

Palavras-chave : lettuce; toxicity; seasonality.

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