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vol.21 issue4Embryology and cytogenetics of Eupatorium pauciflorum and E. intermedium (Compositae)Hermaphroditism in the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex Adr. de Juss.) Muell. Arg. - II author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Genetics and Molecular Biology

Print version ISSN 1415-4757On-line version ISSN 1678-4685

Abstract

GONCALVES, Paulo de Souza et al. Early selection for growth vigor in rubber tree genotypes in northwestern São Paulo State (Brazil). Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 1998, vol.21, n.4, pp.-. ISSN 1415-4757.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47571998000400018.

Forty-five genotypes (clones) of rubber tree [Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex Adr. de Juss.) Müell. Arg.] of different origins were assessed for efficiency of early selection at the Votuporanga Experimental Station in northwestern São Paulo State, Brazil, using a randomized complete block design with three replications and six plants per plot. Girth at 120 cm above the highest point of the grafting union of each tree was taken at ages 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84 and 96 months. Highly significant differences in girth were detected among the genotypes at all ages evaluated, except for 12 months. Estimates of genetic variance for two age sets showed a substantial increase with age, while the genotype variation decreased. Selection made at 24 months proved to be the most efficient, giving a superior gain per unit of time.

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