Genetics and Molecular Biology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4685
REGO, Elizanilda R. do; FINGER, Fernando L.; CASALI, Vicente W.D. and CARDOSO, Antônio A.. Inheritance of fruit color and pigment changes in a yellow tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) mutant. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 1999, vol.22, n.1, pp. 101-104. ISSN 1678-4685. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47571999000100019.
A naturally occurring yellow tomato fruit mutant cv. Santa Clara was reciprocally crossed with the red wild type, after which F1 plants were self pollinated or backcrossed with both parents. Plants from F1 generations produced all fruits with a homogeneous deep red color when ripe. F2 plants showed a 3:1 red:yellow segregation of fruit color, and 100% red when backcrossed with red wild type or 1:1 red:yellow segregation in backcrosses with the yellow mutant; hence, yellow fruit color was determined by a recessive allele. Based on reciprocal crosses, fruit color is unlikely to be determined by maternal genes. Accumulation of lycopene dropped by 99.3% and b-carotene by 77% in ripe yellow fruits, compared to the red wild type. Leaf and flower chlorophyll and total carotenoid concentrations were not affected by the yellow mutation. However, the mutant fruit had a higher rate of chlorophyll degradation during fruit ripening, whilst fruit from the F1 generation showed lower rates of degradation, similar to that observed in red wild type fruits.