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Genetics and Molecular Biology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4685
GOLIJOW, C.D. et al. Genetic variability and population structure in loci related to milk production traits in native Argentine Creole and commercial Argentine Holstein cattle. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 1999, vol.22, n.3, pp. 395-398. ISSN 1678-4685. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47571999000300018.
Many cattle breeds have been subjected to high selection pressure for production traits. Consequently, population genetic structure and allelic distribution could differ in breeds under high selection pressure compared to unselected breeds. Analysis of k-casein, aS1-casein and prolactin gene frequencies was made for Argentine Creole (AC) and Argentine Holstein (AH) cattle herds. The calculated FST values measured the degree of genetic differentiation of subpopulations, depending on the variances of gene frequencies.The AC breed had considerably more variation among herds at the aS1-casein and k-casein loci. Conservation strategies should consider the entire AC population in order to maintain the genetic variability found in this native breed.