Genetics and Molecular Biology
Print version ISSN 1415-4757
MEIRELLES, Flávio V. et al. Is the American Zebu really Bos indicus?. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 1999, vol.22, n.4, pp. 543-546. ISSN 1415-4757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47571999000400013.
The American continent was colonized in the 16th century by Europeans who first introduced cattle of Bos taurus origin. Accounts register introduction of Bos indicus cattle into South America in the 19th and continuing through the 20th century, and most reported imports were males derived from the Indian subcontinent. In the present study we show, by using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphism, major participation of matrilineages of taurus origin in the American Zebu purebred origin, i.e., 79, 73 and 100% for the Nellore, Gyr and Brahman breeds, respectively. Moreover, we have created a restriction map identifying polymorphism among B. taurus and B. indicus mtDNA using three restriction enzymes. Results are discussed concerning American Zebu origins and potential use of this information for investigating the contribution of cytoplasmic genes in cattle production traits.