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Genetics and Molecular Biology

Print version ISSN 1415-4757On-line version ISSN 1678-4685

Abstract

BEVILACQUA, Roberta A.U.; CORVELLO, Cassandra M.; DUARTE, Ana Paula  and  SIMPSON, Andrew J.G.. Detection of microsatellite instability but not truncating APC mutations in gastric adenocarcinomas in Brazilian patients. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2000, vol.23, n.2, pp.255-259. ISSN 1415-4757.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572000000200001.

A crucial role for the adenomatous polyposis colonic (APC) gene in colorectal carcinogenesis has been conclusively established, but, the role of APC in gastric tumors remains controversial. APC mutations have been detected at a relatively high frequency in gastric tumors of Japanese patients, yet such mutations have been reported to be extremely rare in British patients and patients from north-central-Italy. We here report the analysis of 40 primary sporadic gastric adenocarcinomas and 35 primary sporadic colon adenocarcinomas (from patients resident in São Paulo, Brazil), for mutations in the APC gene between codons 686 and 1693 using the protein truncation test. Although 19 truncating mutations were detected in 35 colon adenocarcinomas (54.2%) none were found in any of the gastric adenocarcinomas. As an internal control the tumor samples were also evaluated for microsatellite alterations, which are also common features of both tumor types. Microsatellite instability was present in 1 colon and 7 gastric tumor samples. This suggests that in relation to APC mutations gastric adenocarcinomas from Brazilian patients are similar to those that occur in Europe, and support a fundamental difference both between gastric carcinomas that occur in different geographical regions and between the molecular etiology of gastric and colorectal adenocarcinomas occurring in São Paulo, Brazil.

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