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Genetics and Molecular Biology

Print version ISSN 1415-4757On-line version ISSN 1678-4685

Abstract

COSTA, Reginaldo Brito da et al. Maximization of genetic gain in rubber tree (Hevea) breeding with effective size restriction. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2000, vol.23, n.2, pp.457-462. ISSN 1415-4757.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572000000200035.

The heritability coefficients and the genetic gains associated with individual, combined and among and within progeny selection, and with multi-effect index selection in long-term rubber tree [Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex Adr. de Juss.) Muell.-Arg.] breeding were determined using effective population size (Ne) restriction. Twenty-two half sib progenies were planted at the Jaú Experimental Station, São Paulo State, Brazil, in a complete randomized block design, with five replications and 10 plants per plot. The following traits were assessed when the plants were three years old: number of laticiferous vessel rings (NR), dry rubber production (RP), bark thickness (BT) and stem girth (SG). Significant variability was found among progeny with good chances of obtaining genetic gain for RP, BT and SG. Effective population size restriction caused a greater reduction in genetic gain for RP with combined selection and with the multi-effect index than for individual or among and within progeny selection. The simultaneous use of accuracy values and genetic gain from the lower limits of the confidence intervals for gain indicated that individual selection is to be preferred in Hevea breeding programs.

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