SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.23 issue2Maximization of genetic gain in rubber tree (Hevea) breeding with effective size restrictionDevelopment of pollen grain in yellow passion-fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa; Passifloraceae) author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Genetics and Molecular Biology

Print version ISSN 1415-4757On-line version ISSN 1678-4685

Abstract

KLAMT, Adriane  and  SCHIFINO-WITTMANN, Maria Teresa. Karyotype morphology and evolution in some Lathyrus (Fabaceae) species of southern Brazil. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2000, vol.23, n.2, pp.463-467. ISSN 1415-4757.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572000000200036.

The karyotypes of Lathyrus nervosus Lam., L. pubescens Hook. et Arn., L. paranensis Burk. and L. crassipes Gill ap. Hook et Arn., native to Rio Grande do Sul (southern Brazil), are described in detail for the first time. All taxa have 2n = 14 chromosomes. The karyotypic formulae were 2 m + 12 sm for L. nervosus, L. pubescens and L. paranensis and 4 m + 10 sm for L. crassipes. In all species, the smallest chromosome pair bore a secondary constriction with a satellite in the long arm. Intraspecific variability in the position and number of secondary constrictions was observed in L. nervosus and L. pubescens. All of the species had a conservative and similar karyotype morphology, but differed in total complement size by as much as 20% between the highest (L. nervosus) and lowest (L. crassipes) values. These results suggest that changes in chromosome size during evolution have been similar for all the chromosomes of the complement. Together with data on the life cycle and mode of reproduction, these results also indicate that L. crassipes is a derived taxon, if an evolutionary trend towards a decrease in chromosome size is accepted.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English     · English ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License