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Genetics and Molecular Biology
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FAGUNDES, Valéria et al. Multiple interstitial ribosomal sites (NORs) in the Brazilian squirrel Sciurus aestuans ingrami (Rodentia, Sciuridae) with 2n = 40: an overview of Sciurus cytogenetics. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2003, vol.26, n.3, pp.253-257. ISSN 1415-4757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572003000300007.
This is the first time the karyotype of the Brazilian squirrel Sciurusaestuans ingrami, with 2n = 40, is described. The karyotype of this species comprises 18 pairs of biarmed and one minute pair of acrocentric autosomes, a medium-sized submetacentric X and a medium-sized acrocentric Y. Four pairs have an interstitial secondary constriction, co-located with nucleolar organizer regions (NORs), identified by silver-staining technique and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with ribosomal 18S/28S probes. The occurrence of multiple interstitial NORs is rare in rodents, and this is one of the few examples, identified by a molecular cytogenetics approach.
Keywords : Squirrels; chromosomes; karyotype; NORs; Rodentia.