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Genetics and Molecular Biology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4685
CRAVERO, Vanina Pamela; PICARDI, Liliana Amelia and COINTRY, Enrique Luis. An approach for understanding the heredity of two quality traits (head color and tightness) in globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.). Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2005, vol.28, n.3, pp. 431-434. ISSN 1678-4685. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572005000300016.
The inheritance of head color and tightness in globe artichoke was studied utilizing crosses between inbreed lines and between clones and self-pollinated clones from different genetic origins. These genetic materials were sowed in a completely randomized design with 20 plants per plot and genotype. Globe artichoke heads were classified into three colors (purple-green, purple and green) and three head tightness types (compact, fairly compact and soft) and the segregating ratios for these traits tested in each offspring using the chi-square test. Crosses between green and purple inbreed lines produced only purple-green heads but F2 generation segregated at a purple-green:purple:green ratio of 9:3:4. The self-pollinated compact head clones produced a compact head:fairly compact head:soft head ratio of 12:3:1. The remaining crosses between lines and among clones and backcrosses verified these ratios. These results suggest that two loci with a simple recessive epistasis are involved in the inheritance of head color and that two loci with simple dominant epistasis are involved in the expression of the different head tightness types. The inheritance models proposed here could be helpful in predicting the appearance of artichoke heads if breeders need to obtain hybrid seeds for a desirable phenotype.
Keywords : globe artichoke; heredity; inbreed lines; clones; epistasis.