Genetics and Molecular Biology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4685
SOFIA, Silvia H. et al. Genetic structure analysis of Eufriesea violacea (Hymenoptera, Apidae) populations from southern Brazilian Atlantic rainforest remnants . Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2005, vol.28, n.3, pp. 479-484. ISSN 1678-4685. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572005000300026.
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to analyze the genetic structure of Eufriesea violacea populations in three fragments (85.47, 832.58 and 2800 ha) of Atlantic rainforest located in the north of the Brazilian state of Paraná. A total of twelve primers produced 206 loci, of which 129 were polymorphic (95% criterion). The proportions of polymorphic loci in each population ranged from 57.28% to 59.2%, revealing very similar levels of genetic variability in the groups of bees from each fragment. Unbiased genetic distances between groups ranged from 0.0171 to 0.0284, the smallest genetic distance occurring between bees from the two larger fragments. These results suggest that the E. violacea populations from the three fragments have maintained themselves genetically similar to native populations of this species originally present in northern Paraná.
Keywords : euglossine bees; euglossina; rainforest fragments; genetic variability; RAPD.