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Genetics and Molecular Biology

Print version ISSN 1415-4757On-line version ISSN 1678-4685


SHARMA, Sunita; ROHILLA, Manoj Singh  and  TIWARI, Pramod Kumar. Developmental and hyperthermia-induced expression of the heat shock proteins HSP60 and HSP70 in tissues of the housefly Musca domestica: an in vitro study. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2007, vol.30, n.1, pp.159-168. ISSN 1678-4685.

The expression pattern of two major chaperones, the heat shock proteins (HSPs) HSP60 and HSP70 was studied in vitro in tissues of the housefly Musca domestica during larval and adult stages of development to identify their immunological relatives and understand their functional significance in normal cellular activities and during thermal stress. Fluorographs of labeled polypeptides and western blots demonstrated that both HSPs are expressed constitutively and heat-induced in all the larval and adult cell types examined. The pattern of whole tissue immunocytochemical staining using anti-HSP60 and anti-HSP70 antibodies corresponded well with the observations from western blots or fluorographs. In developing oocytes, both constitutive and heat inducible expression of HSP60 were regulated in an oocyte stage-specific manner. In unstressed ovaries the expression of these proteins was less pronounced in early stage oocytes (1st - 8th) than at later stages (9th and onward). The heat shock, however, induced both HSP70 and HSP60 to a significantly high level in early stage oocytes (1st-8th) as compared to their respective controls. Our findings indicate the involvement of the HSP60 and HSP70 proteins in the development, growth and differentiation of both somatic and germ line tissues. Furthermore, the enhanced co-expression of HSP70 and HSP60 upon heat shock in various larval and adult cell types suggests the possible role of HSP60 in thermoprotection.

Keywords : heat stress response; HSP60; HSP70; Musca domestica; thermoprotection; housefly.

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