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Genetics and Molecular Biology

Print version ISSN 1415-4757On-line version ISSN 1678-4685


BENEDITO, Vagner Augusto; FARIA, Laura; FREITAS-ASTUA, Juliana  and  FIGUEIRA, Antonio. Genetic machinery for RNA silencing and defense against viruses in Citrus. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2007, vol.30, n.3, suppl., pp.991-996. ISSN 1415-4757.

RNA silencing mechanisms are conserved throughout eukaryotic evolution, possibly due to their importance in viral resistance and other aspects of cell biology. Here, we explored the Citrus EST (CitEST) database in search of sequences related to the most important known genes involved in RNA silencing. Transcripts strongly matching Argonaute (AGO), Dicer-like (DCL), Hua enhancer (HEN), and RNA-dependent RNA Polymerase (RdRP) were found in many of the citrus libraries. The reads were clustered and quantified. This shows that post-transcriptional gene silencing apparatus is active in citrus. It seems plausible that a better understanding of the players of RNA silencing in Citrus spp. and related genera may help create new tools to defeat the viral diseases that affect the citrus industry. Functional analyses of these citrus genes would enable the pursuit of this hypothesis.

Keywords : CitEST; Gene silencing; PTGS.

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