Genetics and Molecular Biology
versão On-line ISSN 1678-4685
PALMIERI, Darío Abel et al. Frequency and distribution of microsatellites from ESTs of citrus. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2007, vol.30, n.3, suppl., pp. 1009-1018. ISSN 1678-4685. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572007000500029.
Nearly 65,000 citrus EST (Expressed Sequence Tags) have been investigated using the CitEST project database. Microsatellites were investigated in the unigene sequences from Citrus spp. and Poncirus trifoliata. From these sequences, approximately 35% of the non-redundant ESTs contained SSRs. The frequencies of different SSR motifs were similar between Citrus spp and trifoliate orange. In general, mononucleotide repeats appeared to be the most abundant SSRs in the CitEST database, but we also identify di-, tri-, tetra-, penta- and hexanucleotide repeats. The AG/CT and AAG/CTT were the most common dinucleotide and trinucleotide motifs, with frequencies of 54.4% and 25.2%, respectively. Primer sequences flanking SSR motifs were successfully designed and synthesized. After in silico polymorphism analysis, a subset of sixty-eight primers was validated in different Citrus spp. and Poncirus trifoliata. PCR-amplification revealed polymorphism in citrus with all tested primer pairs and showed the potential of these markers for linkage mapping. Our study showed that the CitEST database can be exploited for the development of SSR markers that can amplify Citrus spp. and related genus for comparative mapping and other genetic analyses.
Palavras-chave : Citrus spp.; Poncirus trifoliata; ESTs; microsatellites; in silico polymorphism.