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Genetics and Molecular Biology
On-line version ISSN 1678-4685
REIS, Sávio P.; GONCALVES, Evonnildo C.; SILVA, Artur and SCHNEIDER, Maria P.C.. Genetic variability and efficiency of DNA microsatellite markers for paternity testing in horse breeds from the Brazilian Marajó archipelago. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2008, vol.31, n.1, pp. 68-72. ISSN 1678-4685. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572008000100014.
In this study, 15 microsatellite DNA loci used in comparative tests by the International Society for Animal Genetics were applied to the evaluation of genetic diversity and management, and the efficiency of paternity testing in Marajoara horses and Puruca ponies from the Marajó Archipelago. Based on the genotyping of 93 animals, mean allelic diversity was estimated as 9.14 and 7.00 for the Marajoara and Puruca breeds, respectively. While these values are similar to those recorded in most European breeds, mean levels of heterozygosity were much lower (Marajoara 49%, Puruca 40%), probably as a result of high levels of inbreeding in the Marajó populations. The mean informative polymorphic content of this 15-marker system was over 50% in both breeds, and was slightly higher in the Marajoara horses. The discriminative power and exclusion probabilities derived from this system were over 99% for both populations, emphasizing the efficacy of these markers for paternity testing and genetic management in the two breeds.
Keywords : Marajoara horses; Puruca ponies; microsatellite markers; genetic diversity; geneaological control.