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Genetics and Molecular Biology

Print version ISSN 1415-4757

Abstract

DENG, Chanjuan et al. Association of IGF-I gene polymorphisms with milk yield and body size in Chinese dairy goats. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2010, vol.33, n.2, pp.266-270.  Epub Apr 30, 2010. ISSN 1415-4757.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572010005000034.

The association of IGF-I gene polymorphisms with certain traits in 708 individuals of two Chinese dairy-goat breeds (Guanzhong and Xinong Saanen) was investigated. Polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and DNA sequencing methods were employed in screening for genetic variation. Two novel mutations were detected in the 5'-flanking region and in intron 4 of IGF-I gene, viz., g.1617 G > A and g.5752 G > C (accession D26119.2), respectively. The associations of the g.1617 G > A mutation with milk yield and the body size were not significant (p > 0.05). However, in the case of g.5752 G > C, Xinong Saanen dairy goats with the CG genotype presented longer bodies (p < 0.05). Chest circumference (p < 0.05) was larger in Guanzhong goats with the GG genotype. In Xinong Saanen dairy goats with the CC genotype, milk yields were significantly higher during the first and second lactations (p < 0.05). Hence, the g.5752 G > C mutation could facilitate association analysis and serve as a genetic marker for Chinese dairy-goat breeding and genetics.

Keywords : IGF-I gene; dairy goat; milk yield; PCR- SSCP.

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