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Genetics and Molecular Biology
Print version ISSN 1415-4757
SANTOVITO, Alfredo; BURGARELLO, Claudio; CERVELLA, Piero and DELPERO, Massimiliano. Polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 1A1, glutathione s-transferases M1 and T1 genes in ouangolodougou (Northern Ivory Coast). Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2010, vol.33, n.3, pp.434-437. Epub July 02, 2010. ISSN 1415-4757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572010005000059.
In this study, the frequencies of CYP1A1, GSTM1, and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms were determined in 133 healthy individuals from Ouangolodougou, a small rural town situated in the north of the Ivory Coast. As appeared in several published studies, ethnic differences in these frequencies have been found to play an important role in the metabolism of a relevant number of human carcinogens. In the studied sample, the frequencies of Ile/Ile (wild type), Ile/Val (heterozygous variant), and Val/Val (homozygous variant) CYP1A1 genotypes were 0.271, 0.692, and 0.037, respectively. Frequencies of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes were 0.361 and 0.331, respectively. No significant differences were noted between men and women. In contrast to published data for Africans, CYP1A1 *Val Allele frequency (0.383) was significantly high (p < 0.001) in this specific population. For the GSTT1 null genotype, no differences were found between the studied and other African populations, the contrary to what occurred for the GSTM1 null genotype in relation to Gambia and Egypt.
Keywords : CYP1A1; GSTM1; GSTT1; genetic polymorphism; Ouangolodougou.