Genetics and Molecular Biology
Print version ISSN 1415-4757
COLIHUEQUE, Nelson et al. Analysis of the association between spawning time QTL markers and the biannual spawning behavior in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2010, vol.33, n.3, pp.578-582. ISSN 1415-4757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572010000300032.
The rainbow trout is a salmonid fish that occasionally exhibits broodstocks with biannual spawning behavior, a phenomenon known as a double annual reproductive cycle (DARC). Spawning time quantitative trait loci (SPT-QTLs) affect the time of the year that female rainbow trout spawn and may influence expression of the DARC trait. In this study, microsatellite markers linked and unlinked to SPT-QTLs were genotyped to investigate the underlying genetics of this trait. SPT-QTLs influenced the DARC trait since in two case-control comparisons three linked markers (OmyFGT12TUF, One3ASC and One19ASC) had significant levels of allelic frequency differentiation and marker-character association. Furthermore, alleles of One3ASC and One19ASC had significantly higher frequencies in populations that carried the DARC trait.
Keywords : association analysis; biannual spawning; microsatellite markers; rainbow trout.