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Genetics and Molecular Biology
Print version ISSN 1415-4757
DENDEN, Sabri et al. In silico analysis of alpha1-antitrypsin variants: the effects of a novel mutation. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2010, vol.33, n.4, pp. 633-636. Epub Oct 29, 2010. ISSN 1415-4757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572010005000089.
Alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) is a highly polymorphic protein with more than 120 variants that are classified as normal (normal protein secretion), deficient (reduced circulating AAT level caused by defective secretion) or null (no protein secretion). Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency, one of the most common genetic disorders, predisposes adults to pulmonary emphysema and, to a lesser extent, chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. In this report, we provide additional sequence data for alpha1-antitrypsin based on the characterization of a novel variant detected in a 53-year-old heterozygous patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The mutation occurred on a PI*M2 base allele and was characterized by a T → C transition at nt 97 in exon II that led to the replacement of phenylalanine by leucine (F33L). Since the mutation was found in the heterozygous state with the expression of a normally secreted variant (PI*M1) it was not possible to assess the pattern of F33L secretion. However, computational analyses based on evolutionary, structural and functional information indicated a reduction of 23 Å3 in the side chain volume and the creation of a cavity in the protein hydrophobic core that likely disturbed the tridimensional structure and folding of AAT. The accuracy of the in silico prediction was confirmed by testing known mutations.
Keywords : alpha1-antitrypsin; computational analysis; damaging mutation.